Rural Ambulance Victoria (RAV), was responsible for pre-hospital emergency care and transport for the 1.4 million people living and working in rural Victoria – an area of more than 215,000 square kilometres extending from the boundaries of Melbourne to the borders of South Australia and New South Wales.

RAV provided pre-hospital patient treatment in emergency and non-emergency situations and ambulance transport services along with various public education services. As such, RAV was a major contributor to minimising risk in rural communities through the provision of high quality, timely and cost effective ambulance services.

In 2008, RAV merged with the Metropolitan Ambulance Service and the Alexandra District Ambulance Service to form Ambulance Victoria (AV). AV provides pre-hospital care for patients experiencing medical emergencies, and medical transport by road and air to ensure both emergency and non-emergency patients access the appropriate level of health care.